New Mexico is one of the states that have legalized marijuana for medical use. The use of marijuana for recreational purposes remains illegal.
Possession of up to 1 oz for non-medicinal purposes is a misdemeanor punishable by a $50-$100 fine and imprisonment for 15 days for the first offense and a $100-$1000 fine and incarceration for 1 year for second or subsequent offense. Carrying 1-8 oz of cannabis may lead to a $1,000 fine and imprisonment for 1 year. Possession of more than 8 oz of marijuana is punishable by a $5,000 fine and imprisonment for 1.5 years.
Selling marijuana is punishable by the same penalties as possessing with intent to distribute. For the sale of up to 100 pounds, the offender may face a maximum fine of $5,000 and be imprisoned for 3 years.
Cultivation of any amount of the plants is a felony that entails 9 years of imprisonment and a $10,000 fine for the first offense. The second offense doubles the prison term and increases the fine to $15,000.
Using marijuana in public is illegal.
It is legal to possess up to 6 oz of medical cannabis and cultivate 16 plants (4 mature, 12 immature). Qualified patients and their registered primary caregivers cannot be subjects to arrest, prosecution, or penalty in any matter for the possession or medical use of cannabis if the quantity does not exceed an adequate supply.